Amid growing concerns over the economic slowdown, the union finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman announced a slew of incentives aimed at stimulating a flagging economy whist maintaining emphasis on domestic manufacturing and demand. One of the most important announcement was lowering of Corporate tax rate from ~35% (including surcharge) to 25.17% a massive reduction of almost 10%.
This move will help companies to increase profitability. One hopes some of these benefits are passed on to consumers and that some are reinvested for business expansion.
This is a permanent benefit for corporates. Even-lower tax rate (of 15% – almost the lowest tax rate globally) for new manufacturing companies will make Indian manufacturing significantly competitive. This will hugely boost the government’s ‘Make in India’ campaign. This move is expected to provide a meaningful boost to exports, which earlier looked difficult due to our lack of competitiveness.
Equity Markets cheered this move as it provided boost to EPS growth.
Average effective Corporate Tax rate Across sectors:
As seen from the below graph, Average effective tax rate have come down from 30-34% to 25%
What this means to EPS growth.
We will do an illustration to understand the impact.
Consider a company having EPS of Rs.1,000, primary assumption is that the company EPS will grow at 12% for year 1-5 and then will grow at 5% for Year 6-10, the terminal growth (Perpetual) is assumed 3%. Discount rate is assumed 12%. Now if we do a Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) analysis, then the total PV of Cash Flows which we get is Rs. 17,425.
As the tax rate is cut by ~10%, earlier if my profit was Rs.100 I was charged Rs.35 as tax and I used to receive Rs. 65 in my hand net of tax. With tax rate now coming down to ~25% I will get Rs.75 in hand net of Tax. So, roughly I will have 15% more in hand net of Tax.
Now if I consider same company as above, my EPS goes up by 15%, so EPS increases to Rs.1,150. With all other growth assumptions remaining same, Total PV of cash Flows which we get is Rs. 20,039 or 15% higher than the original estimate.
But, other important point to consider is the discount rate.
Yesterday, the Benchmark 10-year bond yield went up by 15bps. So, if we consider the discount rate as 12.15% instead of 12%, the EPS growth comes down to ~12.75%.
Yesterdays announcement is expected to have total revenue loss for the government from the corporate taxes foregone would amount to Rs.1.45 lakh crs. Additionally, the export promotion measures announced on 16-Sep’19 would lead to an additional revenue loss of Rs.10,000 crs over the budgeted revenues for 2019-20. The loss in revenue could to an extent be made up from the RBI surplus transfers (Rs.58,000 crs over the budgeted amount). Also, GST collection and Direct tax collection is also not upto the mark. The overall impact could be widening fiscal deficit which can lead to higher yields.
If the yields increase by 1.25% then with discount rate touching 13.25% instead of current assumption of 12% will make this tax cut worthless i.e. Total PV of cash flows will be Rs. 17, 412.
Hence, one needs to keep an eye on Fiscal position as well.